The rise of auteurism did not kill collaborative storytelling or the use of ghosts. On the contrary, the rise of the auteur is believed to be the time that the 'ghostwriter' https://daixieusa.com/ stigma was born. Samuel Johnson, a famous English writer, began his career as a poorly paid writer for hire. In spite of the rise of the auteur, countless works of fiction and nonfiction have been ghostwritten. Samuel Johnson, who later went on to become an international literary figure, is considered a pioneer of American ghostwriting.